Understanding PCOD: Causes, Symptoms and More

More and more women have reported symptoms of PCOD during the past two decades. Between 18% and 20% of women of childbearing age in India have polycystic ovary syndrome. Some gynaecologists even claim that PCOD is on the rise among adolescents. The causes of the increase in PCOD instances are controversial. It is often brought on by the individual’s way of life, which may include chronically stressful situations, insufficient physical activity, poor diet, and inadequate rest. Take the time to learn more about PCOD by reading on.

About PCOD

PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) is a medical disorder in which a woman’s ovaries generate a high volume of immature or partially mature eggs, which eventually develop into cysts. Ovaries enlarge and secrete an excess of male hormones (androgens), leading to undesirable side effects, including infertility, monthly irregularity, hair loss, and abnormal weight gain. Diet and lifestyle changes are effective in managing PCOD. Worldwide, PCOD affects around 10% of women. Women with PCOS have elevated levels of male hormones compared to PCOD women. Because of this hormonal imbalance, they often go without menstruation and find it difficult to conceive.

Causes of PCOD

It is unclear what causes PCOD in women, although these are likely contributors:

1. Excess insulin production: Problems with ovulation may result from an overproduction of insulin, which may boost levels of the male hormone androgen (present in very low concentrations in women).

2. Excess androgen production:  Acne and hirsutism (hair growth on the face and body) are symptoms of abnormally high levels of androgen hormones, which are produced in excess by the ovaries 

3. Low-grade inflammation: Recent research has found that women with PCOD have low-grade inflammation, which produces elevated androgen production and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.

4. Heredity: Women who suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome have a distinct genetic profile.

Symptoms of PCOD

During the first menstrual cycle of puberty, the earliest signs and symptoms of PCOD typically appear. Likewise, PCOD may manifest itself later in life if the patient gains weight. PCOS can occur in a variety of ways. Here are a few of the most frequently encountered symptoms:

1. Increased androgen levels: Male-pattern baldness, increased facial and body hair, and other symptoms have been linked to elevated levels of male sex hormones.

2.Irregular Periods: Due to the abnormality in the maturation of the egg, you may experience irregular periods or a delay in your menstrual cycle.

3. Inability to conceive a child because of ovulation problems, such as irregularity, delay, or failure. Ovulation is delayed or not occur because hormonal irregularities inhibit the follicles from developing and releasing the egg. It profoundly impacts the menstrual cycle and your periods in particular. When seeking medical help for infertility, many women are diagnosed with PCOD.

4. Hair thinning or loss that is extreme. Like the other symptoms, this one is caused by an overabundance of male hormones.

5. Outbreaks of skin acne

6. Gaining Weight

Difference between PCOD and PCOS

Some women may not know if PCOD and PCOS are the same or two different conditions. Both disorders, which affect women between the ages of 12 and 51 throughout their reproductive years, are related to hormonal imbalances and the ovaries. Females with PCOD are still fertile and capable of ovulating and having healthy pregnancies, with or without medical intervention. However, PCOS has a profound effect on female fertility. Due to PCOS, ovulation dysfunction makes it difficult for women to conceive. If they conceive a child, there is always the chance that something will go wrong.


Hope this blog gave you a better idea about what PCOD is. Worldwide, 2% to 40% of women between the ages of 12 and 45 suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), making it the leading cause of illness in this demographic. However, there is no need to fret, for we are all in this together. Because of its breadth and prevalence, this disease is challenging to treat, and its causes remain unknown. Although obesity is linked to these symptoms, not all overweight women have polycystic ovary syndrome. Wellnest offers the greatest PCOD Care Package, which combines acutherapy, food and nutritional guidance, yoga sessions, consultations, and emotional healing to help women overcome PCOD. It is advised to consult with a professional and renowned doctor for PCOD before you do anything else.

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